Step-by-Step to Discover how much Life Insurance You Really Need

We cover these areas to find out what resources you already have in determining your financial obligations and insurance needs
8 February 2019
Happy young woman saving money in the piggy bank

Do you look forward to a claim when you buy insurance?

Whenever I travel, I would cover myself with travel insurance. Just because I am covered with travel insurance, do I actually hope to lose my baggage, miss my flight connection, fall ill or meet with an accident? I definitely do not. I still remember my fateful experience of losing my wallet while I was holidaying in Hawaii. Was it an anti-climax to the holiday? I was certainly thankful that I recovered some loss through an insurance claim.

Life insurance serves as a way to compensate for a loss. If the item we lose is an object like a luggage or house, it can be easily quantified into dollar terms. But what if death occurs, how do you quantify the loss of your life? How much life insurance do you and your family really need?

Simple rule-of-thumb

In the past, financial advisers used a simple method to estimate death needs. It is quick and easy:

Multiply your annual income with a factor ranging from 10 to 15.

Example: If you earn $40,000 a year and a factor of 10 is used, you probably need around $400,000 of death benefits. ($40,000 x 10 = $400,000)

But this is too simplistic to determine your needs isn’t it? It does not consider critical considerations such as your dependants’ (eg. your spouse, children, your parents) living expenses, future obligations and your current financial resources when you are no longer around to provide for them. A more comprehensive approach is preferred now.

Life Insurance Computation

Finding out how much death benefit you require is simple. You just need to determine two things – your financial obligation to your dependants and your available resources now.

Your Financial Obligation

What are your financial obligations if death occurs now? Consider these areas in determining your financial obligations.

a) How much do your dependants need for their living expenses?

If you have no dependents who depend on your income, e.g. single with wealthy parents, then there is no need for you to provide for this area. But if you have dependents, you would need to estimate how much monthly allowance you have to provide for them and for how long.

Example
You are currently contributing $2,000 monthly to your family’s expenses and you estimate that you will continue contributing for another 25 years until your children start working, or the life expectancy of your parents.You need = $2,000/month x 12 months x 25 years = $600,000 life insurance sum assured

b) Do you need to provide for your child’s university education?

The cost of university education is expensive. How much you need depends on the number of children you are supporting and their field of study (medicine or non-medicine course).

cost of university education

Example
You want to provide university education for 2 kids, one for medicine and the other for non-medicine courses.You need = $88,400 + $177,000 = $265,400 life insurance sum assured

c) Any loans to pay off

People generally do not wish to pass on their debts to their dependants. Consider any outstanding loans you are still servicing:

  • Home loan
  • Car loan
  • Others – eg. personal loan, credit card
  •  

d) Any lump sum gift to beneficiaries

Some people wish to be able to give a lump sum to their loved ones (eg. grandparents, nieces/nephews) or even to charitable organisation (eg. church, SPCA).

Once completed, you just tally up the above (a + b + c + d) to determine how much death benefits you require.

Example
Total Life Insurance Sum required = $600,000 + $265,400 = $865,400

Your Available Resources

After determining your insurance needs, it is necessary to find out what resources you already have to meet this need. Essentially, if you need $1,000,000 to provide for your beneficiaries and you have more resources than that, then you do not need to buy any more life insurance (death benefits). You only need to purchase if there is a shortfall.

Your available resources can be found in 2 main sources.

e) Your existing insurance coverage

How much coverage you have in:

f) Your current assets

Usually in the form of:

  • Bank deposits
  • Investments – eg. shares, property, unit trusts
  • CPF – total of Ordinary, Special, and Medisave accounts
  •  

You could input all of these considerations into our guided journey and find out if you have a shortfall or an excess in your life insurance needs. Give it a go today

Share this

More Articles From MoneyOwl

Stay informed on our latest updates and happenings.

One of the best things you can do for your child is to help them learn how to manage their money. The earlier they start, the better! Our MoneyOwl staff share their insights.
7 Oct 2022

Financial Literacy

The equity market outlook may look challenging, but our investment team shares how you can benefit from the market situation.
4 Oct 2022

Insights

The UK's budget triggered a sell-off in gilts, driving the UK sterling pound to record lows. Global currencies are not unaffected either and our CEO and Chief Investment Officer weighs in on the way forward.
30 Sep 2022

CIO Letter